Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ní (Hübner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York by Douglas W. S. Sutherland

Cover of: Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ní (Hübner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York | Douglas W. S. Sutherland

Published by Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, New York State College of Agriculture in Ithaca, N.Y .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Cruciferae -- Diseases and pests -- New York (State) -- Long Island.,
  • Cabbage looper.,
  • Trichoplusia.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 92-98).

Book details

StatementDouglas W.S. Sutherland.
SeriesMemoir / Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station -- 399, Memoir (Cornell University. Agricultural Experiment Station) -- 399.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSB608.C14 S9
The Physical Object
Pagination98 p. :
Number of Pages98
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22747326M

Download Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ní (Hübner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York

Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), and related and associated species damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York, Ph.D. dissertation.

Cornell University. Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larval development on wild and cultivated plants. Environmental Entomology Sutherland DWS.

Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Huebner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York. New York (Cornell) Agricultural Experiment Station Memorandum The cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni) is a moth in the family Noctuidae, a family commonly referred to as owlet common name comes from its preferred host plants and distinctive crawling behavior.

Cruciferous vegetables, such as cabbage, bok choy, and broccoli, are its main host plant; hence, the reference to cabbage in its common name. The larva is called a looper Class: Insecta. Bioassays of nucleopolyhedrosis and granulosis viruses of Trichoplusia ni were conducted utilizing different viral preparations during a 3-year period Cited by: (a) Study Animals.

The Bt-resistant colony was originally collected from a commercial tomato greenhouse in British Columbia, Canada inand has since been maintained on a wheat-germ based diet at 25°C and 16∶8 (L:D) Bt-resistant strain used in the present study was collected during the same year and from a greenhouse close to the source of the Cited by: Identification Adults.

Trichoplusia ni, the Cabbage Looper, is a nondescript member of the subfamily Plusiinae that has a distinct silver stigma on a mottled brown-gray is medium size (FW length 15 - 18 mm) and occurs in dry habitats and agricultural settings on both sides of the Coast and Cascade Mountain.

Trichoplusia ni (Hübner). Common name: Cabbage looper, the ni moth. Systematic position: Insecta, Holometabola, Lepidoptera, Noctuidae. Geographic distribution: Almost cosmopolitan.

Morphology: Body of adult about 15 mm long, the forewings are red-brown with a silvery mark resembling the letters U or Y; hindwings gray-brown. The larva has 3. A survey of cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni, populations in greenhouse vegetable crops in the Fraser Valley (FV) of British Columbia, Canada led to the isolation of a large number of Nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) single-infected-larva isolates.

These NPVs were identified from cadavers by phase-contrast light microscopy and characterized as either T. ni SNPV Cited by: Title: Production, Purification, and Biological Activity Analysis of Recombinant Human Persephin Expressed in Insect Cells VOLUME: 8 ISSUE: 2 Author(s):Zhe-Yu Chen, Xing-Dong Zheng, Li Cao, Chang-Lin Lu, Xiang-Fu Wu and Cheng He Affiliation:Department of Neurobiology, the Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, ShanghaiChinaAuthor: Zhe-Yu Chen, Xing-Dong Zheng, Li Cao, Chang-Lin Lu, Xiang-Fu Wu, Cheng He.

– – Trichoplusia ni – Cabbage Looper Moth – (Hübner, []) Photographs are the copyrighted property of each photographer listed. Contact individual photographers for permission to use for any purpose. Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larval development on wild and cultivated plants.

Environmental Entomology – Sutherland DWS. Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Huebner) and other Lepidoptera Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ní book cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York.

New York (Cornell) Agricultural Experiment Station Memorandum. Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), and related and associated species damaging cruciferous crops on Long. Abstract. The attributes of both natural enemies and pest species in temporary agroecosystems are discussed.

Analysis of natural biological control of noctuid pests in California cotton provides empirical support Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ní book the view that certain natural enemies are well adapted to habitats of low durational stability and that such enemies are fully capable of Cited by:   Sutherland D Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York.

Ithaca, NY: New York State College of Agriculture. Google Scholar. Tabashnik B.E, Finson N, Groeters F.R, Moar W.J, Johnson M.W& Luo by: Wingspan mm. An immigrant moth, which occurs in small numbers most years, not usually more than about 50 per year. Its breeding range encompasses southern Europe and North Africa, though occasional larvae have been found in Britain.

(a) History of Trichoplusia ni colonies. A Bt-resistant T. ni colony was initiated from 90 individuals collected from a commercial tomato greenhouse in British Columbia, Canada in (labelled T2c in Janmaat & Myers ).The T.

ni population was resistant at collection and was found to be fold more resistant than a reference-susceptible laboratory colony in Cited by: biological control agent for T.

ni in field and greenhouse crops in southwestern Ontario due to its high natural abundance and synchrony with T. ni populations (Murillo et al. TABLE 2. Overall total percent parasitism of Trichoplusia ni larval instars.

Numbers in. Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York.

Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Memoir 57 – Evaluation of Trichogramma spp. for the control of Trichoplusia ni Article (PDF Available) in Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 44(10). Sutherland D. New York State College of Agriculture; Ithaca, NY: Biological investigations of Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) and other Lepidoptera damaging cruciferous crops on Long Island, New York.

Tabashnik B.E, Finson N, Groeters F.R, Moar W.J, Johnson M.W, Luo K. Reversal of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in Plutella xylostella. by: The objective of this study was to evaluate the biological characteristics of the parasitoids Trichogramma acacioi, T.

atopovirilia, T. marandobai, T. demoraesi, T. exiguum (two lines), and T. pretiosum (six lines), reared on eggs of Trichoplusia ni. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design, with 15 replicates.

The biological characteristics evaluated Cited by: 9. But for this particular piece, we’re going to focus on the actual cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni.

Trichoplusia ni, ‘Cabbage Looper’, ‘Cabbage Moth’, ‘Ni Moth’ The cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni) in its caterpillar and moth state. Source: ajmatthehiddenhouse for moth and Jaume Torán for the caterpillar. Plusia Trichoplusia ni brassicae (Riley). In Insects of Hawaii. In Insects of Hawaii. A Manual of the Insects of the Hawaiian Islands, including Enumeration of the Species and notes on the Origin, Distribution, Hosts, Parasites, etc.

volume. Cabbage Looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 3 and oviposition sometimes occurs about dusk. They may become active on cloudy days or during cool weather, but are even more active during the nighttime hours. They oviposit readily at temperatures as low as °C, but flight activity is higher on warmer evenings.

Description Adult. Forewings of the cabbage looper adult are grayish to dark brown with a silvery spot near the center; hindwings are pale brown. CABBAGE LOOPER, TRICHOPLUSIA NI (HBN.) W. GENUNG 1 Because of difficulty in controlling cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hbn.), with insecticides in recent years, preliminary biological control trials were considered to merit investigation.

DDT treatment has given only 50 to 70 per cent control in the Everglades for several seasons, and. Abstract. Humans have been aware of diseases caused by baculoviruses for over years.

The earliest historical accounts originated with descriptions of silkworm “jaundice,” a disease of Bombyx mori that we now know is caused by a nuclear polyhedrosis virus. In addition, people in various cultures throughout history have witnessed, without knowing their cause, spectacular.

Trichoplusia ni is most commonly controlled by the use of chemicals. However, the abusive use of insecticides with high levels of biological activity and persistence has caused high economic and environmental costs (BRITO et al., ; GRECCO et al., ).

An alternative measure to mitigate these costs might be biological control. Biological. CULTURED mammalian cells are finding increasing use as a basis for conducting physiological and biochemical investigation outside the organism.

Insect cell lines have originated from primary Cited by:   Cabbage Looper Moth Trichoplusia ni (Hübner, ). Family: Noctuidae Subfamily: Plusiinae. The roles of predators, parasitoids, and a pathogen in effecting natural biological control of cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni [Hübner]) in San Joaquin Valley cotton were assessed.

Life-table analysis indicates that the majority of the generation mortality of cabbage looper occurs during the egg-small larva interval.

The role of ESP in plant defense is uncertain, because the generalist herbivore Trichoplusia ni (the cabbage looper) was found to feed more readily on nitrile-producing than on isothiocyanate-producing Arabidopsis.

However, isothiocyanates are frequently used as recognition cues by specialist herbivores, and so the formation of nitriles instead Cited by: factors determining levels of parasitism by winthemia rufopicta (diptera: tachinidae), with particular reference to heliothis spp.

(lepidoptera: noctuidae) as hosts1 - volume issue 6 - Cited by: Cabbage looper, (Trichoplusia ni), distinctive green, white-lined larva, or caterpillar, in the owlet moth family Noctuidae (order Lepidoptera).

Like other larvae in the subfamily Plusiinae, the cabbage looper has only three pairs of prolegs rather than four, causing it to crawl in a looper fashion similar to the measuring worms in the family Geometridae.

Trichoplusia ni identification is an excellent example of the clash between the theoretical and the practical worlds of quarantine entomology. Of course, species identification of all the interceptions is the goal. But for the New World, given the volume of the interceptions and the lack of time to.

Genus: Trichoplusia Species: Trichoplusia ni. Name. Trichoplusia ni (Hübner, []) Synonyms. Noctua ni Hübner, [] Plusia extrahens Walker, [] Plusia humilis Walker, [] Plusia significans Walker, [] Plusia innata Herrich-Schäffer, ; Plusia brassicae Riley, ; Plusia echinocystidis Strecker, ; References.

Pseudoplusia includens[Chrysodeixis includens] (Wlk.) has been found on many crops in the United States in association with other members of the Noctuid subfamily Plusiinae, and the variation is the pigmentation of the larvae has led to some confusion [cf.

RAE A 54etc.]. The bionomics and larval characters of P. includens were therefore compared in Alabama with those of Trichoplusia ni Cited by: 9. Progress 10/01/12 to 09/30/15 Outputs Target Audience:The cabbage looper,Trichoplusia ni, is a migratory insect pest and has developed resistance to various insecticides, including both biological and chemical pesticides in the field.

In the US, cabbage loopers overwinter in the southern states and migrate to the north annually to establish breeding populations.

A linkage between coding of quantity and quality of pheromone gland components by receptor cells of Trichoplusia ni. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. (Conference Proceedings) (pdf) Mankin, R.

W., Mayer, M. S., and Grant, A. Response characteristics of pheromone receptor neurons on cabbage looper moth antennae. However, in vivo bioassays showed that although the deletion of ac did not affect the per os infectivity of AcMNPV in Spodoptera exigua larvae, it led to an approximately five-fold reduction in infectivity of AcMNPV in Trichoplusia ni larvae, and vAcKO took approximately 21 h longer to kill Trichoplusia ni larvae than the wild-type viruses.

Common name: Caterpillar of the Cabbage Looper. Trichoplusia ni is a nocturnal brown moth. It is found throughout the southern Palaearctic ecozone, all of North America, parts of Africa and most of the Oriental and Indo-Australian-New Zealand region.

Project Methods In this project, insect genes and proteins that play important roles in the insect midgut, such as those involved in the essential physiological processes and defense mechanisms, will be identified and functionally studied.

To identify and characterize the midgut-expressed genes, a combination of techniques will be used, which will include 1. sequencing .Nomenclature and function.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on carboxylic ester bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is methyl-(2E,6E)-(10R,11S),epoxy-3,7,trimethyltrideca-2,6-dienoate names in common use include JH esterase, juvenile hormone esterase, and juvenile hormone BRENDA: BRENDA entry.

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